The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport ,code- CCU, at Dum Dum (previously known as Dum Dum airport) is the only airport in the city, operating both domestic and international flights. It is a gateway to North-East India, Bangkok, and Bangladesh.Flights from all major Indian cities operate from the domestic terminal while international flights from Bangkok, Chittagong, Dhaka,Doha,Dubai,Kathmandu,Kuala Lumpur,Kunming,London,New York,Paro,Singapore operate from the international terminal. The number of people using the airport has consistently increased over the last few years and a new and modern wing has just been constructed in par with international standards. There is a flying club in Behala.
Kolkata is well-connected to the rest of India by extensive railway network of the Indian railways. Two divisions of the Indian railways the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway are headquartered in the city. The two major railway stations of the city are at Howrah and Sealdah. A third terminal called Kolkata has recently been constructed. This station is in North Kolkata and can be reached by a road opposite to the RG Kar Medical College just beyond Shyambazar.
KOLKATA METRO THE 1ST METRO SYSTEM IN INDIA
The master plan prepared in 1971 envisaged a network of 97.50 km consisting of three North-South corridors of which three were selected for detailed planning. These three lines were Dumdum Tollygunge, Bidhannager Ramrajatala and Dakshineswar Thakurpukur. Based on traffic studies, the Dumdum Tollygunge corridor was first selected for implementation and work started on 29th December, 1972. On 24th October 1984, the first stretch, a length of about 3.4 km between Esplanade and Bhowanipur was completed, the first metro line in India. Over the years, others stretches on the corridor were gradually completed and some extensions were also made. In today it carries about 5 lakh passengers a day. The rolling stock of Kolkata Metro Line uses Broad Gauge Track. Presently there are 18 Non AC rakes and 13 AC rakes. The Metro operates between 0700 and 2145 hours at a frequency of 5 minutes during peak hours and 12 minutes during non-peak hours on week days & from 1400 hours to 2145 hours on Sundays. 270 numbers of trains run during week days, 205 on Saturdays & 78 on Sundays. Kolkata Metro is not just the cheapest transport in Kolkata, but also in the world where the minimum fare is just 4(INR) and maximum fare was 12(INR), now is 14(INR).
PORT & WATER TRANSPORT
Kolkata is also a major port and together with the Haldia dock systems, the Kolkata Port Trust has been amongst top performers in the country. Kolkata Port has regular passenger services to Port Blair from the Netaji Subhas Docks.Also the twin cities of Kolkata and Howrah are connected by local water ferries through the extensive ghats like Fairlie Ghat, Howrah Ghat, Shibpur Ghat, Prinsep Ghat, Cossipore Ghat.
Kolkata is well conntected to the other parts of India by the National Highways 2, 6, 34 and 117. The Belghoria Expressway connects NH 34 with NH 2 and 6 via the Nivedita Setu while the NH 117 is connected to NH 6 by the Kona Expressway via the Vidyasagar Setu. Howrah Bridge and Vidyasagar Setu are two bridges connecting Kolkata with Howrah over the Ganges. Vivekananda Setu is the third bridge over the river at the northern reach of the city near Dakshineshwar. The fourth one and the newest one is Nivedita Setu. Since Kolkata suffers from traffic congestion like other Indian cities, a network of expressways like Kona Expressway and Belghoria Expressway, flyovers and widening of southern stretch of Eastern Metropolitan Bypass are being created to ease up road traffic.